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IEEE Citation Guide > Figures and Images

Complete reference guide about IEEE-style citations and bibliographies

Figure, image, photograph, chart, diagram, graph, logo, drawing, etc.

Use "Table" for tables and "Figure" for all other types of images.

If you cite a figure found in a document (e.g., book, article, etc.) without inserting it in your text (that is, without reproducing it), cite the document (ex.: [1]) and optionally mention the number of the figure in the original document (ex.: [1, Fig. 3]).

Attention! Any figure (image, diagram, photo, chart, table, etc.) inserted in a text should be accompanied by a caption placed under the figure.

Examples of captions for original figures (created by the student):

Figure or Table

Fig. 1. Example of the application of the algorithm
Table 1. Values of parameters of the band stop filter

Do not create an entry in the reference list for a figure created by yourselves.

IMPORTANT: To use a copyrighted figure in a document (dissertation, thesis, journal article, etc.), you must first obtain permission from the copyrights holder. Cite at the end of the original caption the document in which the image has been found.

PARTICULAR CASE: If you reuse in a thesis or dissertation a figure published in an IEEE document and for which IEEE owns the copyrights, add at the end of the original caption © Year of publication of the original IEEE document (e.g.,: © 2014 IEEE) and the citation of the respective document.

Examples of captions for IEEE figures reproduced in a dissertation or thesis:

Figure or Table

Fig. 1. Example of the application of the algorithm © 2015 IEEE [5]
Table 1. Values of parameters of the band stop filter © 2016 IEEE [1]

In the reference list, include the reference of the document in which the figure was found, according to its document type (ex.: article, book, etc.).

Find images

Free images that can be used without asking permission:

Unsplash
pixabay

Find images on Google: Click on the image to enlarge it.

Find other images on the Web

Cite Images

Attention! Even though you obtained permission to use an image, you still need to cite it. Also, cite the source of royalty-free images and images in the public domain.