A research article presents original research results. This is the type of article that is often written by researchers.
A research article published in a scholarly journal is generally peer-reviewed by reviewers appointed by the editorial board of that journal. Here is an example of a research article.
Articles may be shorter or longer. Indeed, some journals specialize in the dissemination of short articles (letters, brief communications, short reports) that report on important discoveries before they are the subject of more detailed articles to be published later (e.g., Optics Letters, Optimization Letters, etc.).
Moreover, research articles can be subdivided into subcategories, depending on the approach on the treatment of the information chosen in the article. Although the terminology describing these subcategories is not consistent, research articles can be:
Data Papers, etc.
The review article
Unlike a research paper, a review article does not present new advances, but rather provides a state of the art on a selected topic, while still being an original paper.
A review article is a critical assessment of research developments in a specialized field and contains numerous bibliographic references. Here is an example of a review article.
Because it is a summary, a review article is generally more cited than a research article.
Several terms can be used to designate a review article. Here are a few examples:
State of the art
Current topics in...
État de l'art
Recension des écrits
Revue de littérature
The Guide for Authors, your ally!
The Guide for Authors, usually available on the journal's website, describes the types of articles published by the journal and their particularities. Sometimes, this information is available elsewhere on the journal's website, for example in the editorial policy, the journal's mission statement, the About Us section, etc.