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Research Data > Find and Cite

This guide presents best practices in research data management

Data Metasearch Engines

Generalist Data Repositories

Cite a Data Set in APA 6th Style

Cite the data in the text as (Copyrights Holder, Year) or Copyrights Holder (Year).

If the authors are also the copyrights holders, use: (Hinton et al., 2015) or Hinton et al. (2015).

If the copyrights holder is an organization, use its full name in the first citation: (Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, 2017) or Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (2017) and its abbreviation in the subsequent ones: (ISED, 2017) or ISED (2017).

In the reference list, mention the DOI of the data set as follows: 

Copyrights Holder. (Year). Title [format]. doi:DOI

The format can be: Data Set, Data File, User Manual, Code Book, etc.

Example with more than seven authors:

Hinton, T. J., Jallerat, Q., Palchesko, R. N., Park, J. H., Grodzicki, M. S., Shue, H., . . . Feinberg, A. W. (2015). Three-dimensional printing of complex biological structures by freeform reversible embedding of suspended hydrogels [Data set]. doi:10.5061/dryad.tp4cp

If the data set does not have a DOI, include the URL at the end of the reference: Retrieved from http://...

More information @ APA Style Blog.

Domain-specific Repositories

Here is a list of some recognized repositories in their respective fields: 



  • Materials Data Facility (MDF)
    • "The production-ready data publication service offers a scalable repository where materials scientists can publish, preserve, and share research data."

Computer Engineering

  • GitHub
    • "We’re supporting a community where more than 40 million people learn, share, and work together to build software."
  • Center for Applied Internet Data Analysis (CAIDA)
    • "Data on the structure, dynamics, and usage patterns of operational Internet infrastructure, for parametrization and validation of scientific modeling and analysis efforts."
  • RunMyCode
    • "Enables scientists to openly share the code and data that underlie their research publications."
  • Bitbucket
  • SourceForge
    • "Find, create, and publish open source software for free."
  • LaunchPad
    • "Helps people to work together by making it easy to share code, bug reports, translations, and ideas."
  • Other repositories

Earth and Environmental Sciences

Health Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Life Sciences and Biomedical Sciences - Big data

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Physics, astrophysics, and astronomy